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PYRACANTHA koidzumii 'Santa Cruz'

Image of Pyracantha koidzumii 'Santa Cruz'

John Rickard

Family

Rosaceae

Botanical Name

PYRACANTHA koidzumii 'Santa Cruz'

Plant Common Name

Formosa Firethorn, Santa Cruz Firethorn

General Description

The spreading stems of the Formosa firethorn selection 'Santa Cruz' produce very beautiful clusters of white flowers followed by small red berries. Descended from a native of Taiwan, it has oval, dark-green leaves and long, sharp spines. In late spring, numerous small white flowers appear, followed by late-ripening, showy red berries that on occasion may be picked at by songbirds. The berries linger on the branches well into winter.

Plant ‘Santa Cruz’ in well-drained, average to moist soil and full to partial sun. Heat and drought-tolerant, it can be kept lower and neater with the removal of any upward-growing shoots. Use it as an informal and formidable hedge, or as a mounding, sprawling specimen in the shrub border, or for covering a rocky hillside, where it will look groundcover-like.

In some areas with mild climates, firethorns can escape gardens and become invasive weeds.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    9 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    7 - 9

  • Sunset Zone

    3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Broadleaf Evergreen

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun

  • Height

    3'-5' / 0.9m - 1.5m (4)

  • Width

    6'-10' / 1.8m - 3.0m (6)

  • Bloom Time

    Spring, Late Spring

  • Native To

    China

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral, Alkaline

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Clay, Loam, Sand

  • Tolerances

    Pollution, Salt

  • Growth Rate

    Very Fast

  • Water Requirements

    Xeric/Desert, Drought Tolerant, Average Water

  • Habit

    Arching/Fountain-shaped

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    White

  • Fruit Color

    Red, Orange Red

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Green, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Winter)

    Green, Dark Green, Bronze

  • Bark Color

    Burgundy, Brown

  • Fragrant Flowers

    Yes

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    Yes

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    No

  • Foliage Texture

    Fine

  • Foliage Sheen

    Glossy

  • Evergreen

    Yes

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Bark Texture

    Smooth

  • Usage

    Feature Plant, Foundation, Hedges, Mixed Border, Topiary / Bonsai / Espalier

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    Yes

  • Invasive

    Sometimes

  • Self-Sowing

    Yes