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PYRUS pyrifolia

Image of Pyrus pyrifolia

James H. Schutte

Family

Rosaceae

Botanical Name

PYRUS pyrifolia

Plant Common Name

Asian Pear

General Description

The Asian pear is among the most delicious of all fruits, particularly fresh off the tree. The fruit is often called pear-apple or prapple because its flesh combines the crispness of an apple with the melting sweetness of a pear. Its high price and suitability for the table make this East Asian native one of the most worthwhile trees to grow in the backyard.

The yellow- or amber-skinned fruits of Asian pear have snow-white, mildly sweet flesh. They grow on upright spreading deciduous trees that typically bear their showy white spring flowers and beautiful round fruits at an early age. Most Asian pear cultivars require a second pear cultivar nearby to produce good crops. The fruits ripen in late summer or early fall. Prolifically bearing cultivars will produce larger pears if they are thinned in early summer.

Like all pears, Pyrus pyrifoliagrows and fruits best in full sun and average, well-drained soil. It develops slowly into a medium-sized, highly productive tree. The new branches can be lax and pruning is needed to keep the tree open and shapely. With pears it is better to prune moderately and fertilize very little (rapid growth is susceptible to diseases). Mulch that decomposes slowly is all the fertilizer needed.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    9 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    5 - 9

  • Sunset Zone

    2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21

  • Plant Type

    Fruit

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun

  • Height

    15'-30' / 4.6m - 9.1m

  • Width

    10'-25' / 3.0m - 7.6m

  • Bloom Time

    Spring

  • Native To

    China, Japan

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Clay, Loam, Sand

  • Growth Rate

    Medium

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Upright/Erect

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Fragrant Flowers

    Yes

  • Fragrant Fruit

    Yes

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    Yes

  • Edible Fruit

    Yes

  • Showy Foliage

    No

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Edible, Fruit / Fruit Tree

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Self-Sowing

    No