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RHAPHIOLEPIS 'Jack Evans'

Image of Rhaphiolepis 'Jack Evans'

Family

Rosaceae

Botanical Name

RHAPHIOLEPIS 'Jack Evans'

Plant Common Name

Hybrid Indian Hawthorn

Special Notice

This entry has yet to be reviewed and approved by L2G editors.

General Description

The genus Rhaphiolepis comprises approximately 15 species of shrubs and small trees from subtropical and temperate regions of East Asia.

These cold-tender evergreens bear leathery, glossy-green, oval to lance-shaped leaves with toothed or smooth edges. Newly emerged leaves are often red or bronze. Loose clusters of small, five-petaled, unscented or mildly fragrant flowers appear toward the branch tips in late winter, spring, or summer. The star-shaped blooms are pink, white, or red, with a central tuft of yellow stamens. Small, berry-like, blue to black-purple fruits follow the flowers.

Several shrubby Rhaphiolepis are widely grown in mild-climate gardens for their attractive blooms and foliage. Indian hawthorn (R. indica) is a slow-growing, dome-shaped shrub with lovely pink or white flowers and bronze to red new leaves. The somewhat larger R. umbellata bears thick, relatively broad leaves and fragrant white flowers on dense rounded plants.

Most Rhaphiolepis species are highly adaptable, tolerating a wide range of conditions. For densest growth and heaviest flowering, plant them in full sun and rich, well-drained, acidic soil. In hot arid regions they do best with midday shade. They are among the best broadleaf evergreens for seaside conditions. Hardiness is species-dependent, with some Rhaphiolepis exhibiting considerable cold-tolerance. These handsome evergreens are extensively planted in mixed borders, hedges, and foundation plantings, and are sometimes employed as small specimen trees. They also make good greenhouse plants. Some Rhaphiolepis species have proven invasive in regions with favorable climates (such as New Zealand and southeastern Australia).

Characteristics

  • Sunset Zone

    4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Broadleaf Evergreen

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun

  • Height

    9"-10" / 22.9cm - 25.4cm (10)

  • Width

    10"-12" / 25.4cm - 30.5cm (12)

  • Bloom Time

    Early Spring, Spring, Late Spring, Early Summer, Summer, Early Winter, Winter, Late Winter

  • Native To

    Eastern Asia

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Clay, Loam, Sand

  • Tolerances

    Drought, Salt

  • Growth Rate

    Medium

  • Water Requirements

    Drought Tolerant, Average Water

  • Habit

    Oval/Rounded

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    White, Red, Pink

  • Fruit Color

    Blue, Purple, Dark Blue, Blue Violet, Black

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green, Orange, Dark Green, Bronze

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Green, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Winter)

    Green, Dark Green

  • Fragrant Flowers

    Yes

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Repeat Bloomer

    Yes

  • Showy Fruit

    Yes

  • Edible Fruit

    Yes

  • Showy Foliage

    No

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Glossy

  • Evergreen

    Yes

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Container, Feature Plant, Foundation, Hedges, Topiary / Bonsai / Espalier

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Self-Sowing

    No