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ROSA acicularis

Image of Rosa acicularis

Mark A. Miller

Family

Rosaceae

Botanical Name

ROSA acicularis

Plant Common Name

Prickly Rose, Prickly Wild Rose

Special Notice

This entry has yet to be reviewed and approved by L2G editors.

General Description

Don't confuse the much more abundant prickly wild rose with the common wild rose when you take hikes in forests and meadows. The prickly wild rose has numerous spines and bristles on its sienna-brown twigs. This rose species is nearly circumboreal in its natural distribution. It's found across the northern half of North America, northern Europe, Siberian Russia and across Kazakhstan, Korea, Japan, China and Mongolia in Asia. Although a deciduous shrub, the mature size and habit of the prickly wild rose varies considerably across the world. It develops a bushy habit with somewhat stout canes.

As with other roses, the foliage is compound, with each leaf comprising three to seven oval leaflets with tiny teeth. Flowering occurs in very late spring to early summer. Five pink petals (rarely white) surround a tuft of yellow stamens. These fragrant flowers attract insects for pollination, leading to production of cylindrical fruits called rose hips. These hips are edible and rich in vitamin C. Autumn chill causes the foliage to turn mottled tones of yellow and red before dropping away.

Prickly wild rose is rarely introduced into garden settings, but property owners often conserve natural populations in ditches, riverbanks, fencerows or on woodland edges. It excels in full to partial sun in any fertile soil that has at least some drainage. Birds and animals may utilize the rose hips as a food source. People should use them for making jellies or rose hip tea.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    7 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    2 - 7

  • Sunset Zone

    A1, A2, A3, 1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 14, 15, 16, 17

  • Plant Type

    Shrub

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun

  • Height

    3'-9' / 0.9m - 2.7m

  • Width

    3'-6' / 0.9m - 1.8m

  • Bloom Time

    Early Summer

  • Native To

    North America, Northeastern United States, North-Central United States, Northwestern United States, Alaska, Canada, Northern Europe, Russia/Siberia, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, China, Japan

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Average

  • Soil type

    Clay, Loam, Sand

  • Growth Rate

    Medium

  • Water Requirements

    Drought Tolerant, Average Water

  • Habit

    Upright/Erect

  • Seasonal Interest

    Summer, Fall

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    Lemon Yellow, Pink, Light Pink

  • Flower Color Modifier

    Bicolor

  • Fruit Color

    Red, Salmon

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green, Light Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Yellow, Red, Green, Gold

  • Foliage Color (Fall) Modifier

    Spotted/Mottled

  • Bark Color

    Sienna, Gray

  • Fragrant Flowers

    Yes

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    Yes

  • Edible Fruit

    Yes

  • Showy Foliage

    Yes

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Bark Texture

    Smooth

  • Usage

    Cutflower, Mixed Border, Wildflower

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    Yes

  • Invasive

    Sometimes

  • Attracts

    Birds

  • Self-Sowing

    Yes