Helping You Become a More Successful Gardener
Mark A. Miller
ROSA gallica var. officinalis
Gallica Rose, The Apothecary's Rose
Highly fragrant, semi-double flowers of crimson pink are the highlight of this regal old-fashioned rose. One of the most famed and ancient of cultivated roses, the apothocary's rose has been grown since early times for its fragrant petals that were used medicinally, to flavor food, and to make perfume. European in origin, this vibrant pink-flowered shrub rose is relatively compact, very thorny and may sucker. It was commonly grown during medieval times but is still cultivated and valued today. The foliage is quite robust and disease resistant.
Rosa gallica has relatively dense stems lined with very prickly thorns. Its compound leaves have three to seven bluish green leaflets. Each leaflet is oval with serrated edges. The fragrant roses bloom in spring or early summer and are solitary. Each semi-double bloom is bright crimson pink with a flush of yellow stamens on the center. Blooming may last five to six weeks. Bees and other insect pollinators visit the blooms and smooth, oval, reddish brown hips follow.
Roses prefer full to partial sun, moderate temperatures and perfectly drained, slightly acid soil with average to good fertility. They grow best in places with slightly dry climates, because such climates disfavor the fungal diseases that plague them. For this reason, it is important to maintain good airflow within and between planted roses through good planting and pruning practices which will dissuade fungal attacks. Roses are also susceptible to a suite of viral and bacterial diseases as well as insect pests, so it is wise to select a robust and resistant cultivar when choosing a rose. This hybrid is relatively cold-tender and will not winter in areas such as the northern United States.
10 - 1
5 - 8
A1, A2, A3, H1, H2, 1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24
Full Sun, Partial Sun
3'-5' / 0.9m - 1.5m
Summer, Late Summer, Early Fall
Europe, Mediterranean, Turkey
White, Pink, Hot Pink, Crimson
Green, Blue Green
Green, Sandy Brown
Container, Cutflower, Feature Plant, Foundation, Hedges, Mixed Border, Rock Garden / Wall, Topiary / Bonsai / Espalier
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