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ROSA glauca

Image of Rosa glauca

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Family

Rosaceae

Botanical Name

ROSA glauca

Plant Common Name

Red-leaved Rose

General Description

The purplish-red foliage of red-leaved rose offers a perfect color contrast for its clusters of showy pink and white single blooms. Sometimes called by its old name Rosa rubrifolia, this old-fashioned species rose originates from alpine regions across Europe, from Spain to Poland. It is a deciduous shrub rose that was heavily cultivated in the 19th century, but is now only sought after by diehard rose collectors. In modern gardens it would be best placed in more informal, naturalistic landscapes and garden spaces.

The thorny, arching branches of this rose produce bloomy purplish-red compound leaves in spring that age to deep reddish blue-green by midsummer and adopt vibrant shades of gold, red and orange in fall. Beautiful single roses of bright pink with white inner petals are produced from late spring to summer. These delicate roses lose their petals easily and have a light, barely detectable sweet fragrance. Round hips that turn from brownish red to deep red follow and persist into fall and early winter.

Red-leaved rose prefers full to partial sun, moderate temperatures and perfectly drained, slightly acid soil with average to good fertility. This is a disease susceptible rose. Good care and regular pruning can help combat common foliar diseases. Old canes should be cut out in late winter to maintain good airflow and overall health.

Though a bit informal, well-maintained red-leaved roses offer beautiful foliage throughout the growing season, and their hips provide important forage to wildlife.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    8 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    3 - 8

  • Plant Type

    Shrub

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun

  • Height

    5'-8' / 1.5m - 2.4m

  • Width

    5'-8' / 1.5m - 2.4m

  • Bloom Time

    Late Spring, Early Summer, Summer

  • Native To

    Europe

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Loam, Sand

  • Growth Rate

    Medium

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Arching/Fountain-shaped

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    White, Pink, Hot Pink

  • Flower Color Modifier

    Bicolor

  • Fruit Color

    Dark Red, Brown

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Red, Purple, Gray Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Gray Green, Dark Green, Burgundy

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Red, Orange, Gray Green, Dark Green, Gold, Burgundy

  • Bark Color

    Dark Green, Sandy Brown, Gray

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    Yes

  • Showy Fruit

    Yes

  • Edible Fruit

    Yes

  • Showy Foliage

    Yes

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Alpine, Feature Plant, Foundation, Hedges, Mixed Border, Rock Garden / Wall

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    Yes

  • Invasive

    No

  • Attracts

    Birds, Butterflies

  • Self-Sowing

    Yes