Advanced Search Filters

Plant Type
Hardiness Zone
Heat Zone
Sunset Zone
Function
Sun Exposure
Soil Moisture
Water Requirement

SEQUOIA sempervirens

Image of Sequoia sempervirens

Gerald L. Klingaman

Family

Cupressaceae

Botanical Name

SEQUOIA sempervirens

Plant Common Name

Redwood

General Description

This majestic evergreen conifer is the tallest tree in America and popular for landscaping in the far western United States. Famous for its red, rot-resistant wood, it is native to the Pacific Coast of northern California and extreme southern Oregon. It rapidly develops a tall, narrow, pyramidal habit with slightly drooping branches lined with deep green, small, flattened needles. The buttressed trunk is sheathed in spongy, reddish brown, fire-resistant bark. Small, reddish, pendulous cones are carried at the branch tips.

It is prone to suckering at the base, especially if the tree is limbed up, so it is advisable to keep the low branches unpruned. In younger trees, the lower branches may obscure the attractive bark, but have patience; as the tree grows and matures, its trunk will become more and more visible.

Redwoods feed off the duff layer with a very wide, fibrous network of surface roots which can be vulnerable to overheating. The dense, shallow roots also can also spread aggressively and make garden planting difficult. Consider this a fine shade and screen tree for very large areas. It is happiest in spacious groves of three to five with irrigation and a thick layer of mulch.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    9 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    7 - 9

  • Sunset Zone

    4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Needled or Scaled Evergreen

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun

  • Height

    70'-365' / 21.3m - 111.3m

  • Width

    20'-50' / 6.1m - 15.2m

  • Native To

    Western United States, California

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Loam

  • Growth Rate

    Very Fast

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Pyramidal

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    None

  • Fruit Color

    Brown

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Winter)

    Dark Green

  • Bark Color

    Sienna

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    Yes

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    Yes

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    No

  • Foliage Texture

    Fine

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    Yes

  • Showy Bark

    Yes

Special Characteristics

  • Bark Texture

    Fissured

  • Usage

    Feature Plant, Shade Trees

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Self-Sowing

    No