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STELLARIA media

Image of Stellaria media

Family

Caryophyllaceae

Botanical Name

STELLARIA media

Plant Common Name

General Description

Bedeviling gardeners worldwide, this vigorously spreading annual is native to Europe but naturalized across the globe.

The small, bright green, oval leaves of this rampant annual are paired along lax to upright stems that grow most vigorously in cool moist conditions. The stems root at the nodes wherever they touch ground. Plants grow through winter in mild climates. The small, white, starry flowers are borne throughout the growing season. Tiny capsules follow the flowers, releasing numerous seeds that germinate with abandon during cool moist spells. Seeds that don't germinate immediately may remain viable for many years.

A common invader of lawns and flower beds, chickweed thrives in sun, cool air, and moist rich soil, but tolerates a wide variety of conditions and sites. Control of this weed requires removing or closely mowing plants to prevent them from flowering and self-sowing.

Characteristics

  • Plant Type

    Annual

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun

  • Height

    3"-18" / 7.6cm - 45.7cm

  • Width

    6"-24" / 15.2cm - 61.0cm

  • Bloom Time

    Indeterminate

  • Native To

    Europe, Asia

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral, Alkaline

  • Soil type

    Clay, Loam, Sand

  • Tolerances

    Drought, Soil Compaction

  • Growth Rate

    Very Fast

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Spreading

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    None

  • Flower Color

    White

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Winter)

    Green

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Repeat Bloomer

    Yes

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    No

  • Foliage Texture

    Fine

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    Yes

  • Self-Sowing

    Yes