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STEPHANOTIS floribunda

Image of Stephanotis floribunda

Forest & Kim Starr

Family

Asclepiadaceae

Botanical Name

STEPHANOTIS floribunda

Plant Common Name

Bridalwreath, Chaplet-flower, Madagascar Jasmine, Stephanotis

General Description

Beautiful starry ivory, fragrant flowers make Madagascar jasmine one of the world's most revered tropical vines. Thick, waxy, evergreen leaves cover this slow growing, scrambling, shrubby vine all year around. This long-lived plant reigns from the island of Madagascar, where it is not considered endangered in the wild due to loss of habitat.

Each oblong leaf is glossy, leathery and deep green. Like many tropical woody plants, Madagascar jasmine blooms all year around in the humid tropics, as long as conditions are favorable, but its grandest displays are in summer and fall. It produces highly fragrant, showy clusters of white blooms that arise from the stem tips. The tubular flowers flare out at the mouth and have five flat lobes. Each resembles a starry trumpet. Moths pollinate these blossoms and are followed by fleshy green fruits that are large, smooth, oval and look a bit like cucumbers.

Grow Madagascar jasmine in evenly moist, sand-based soil that is rich in organic matter. A full to partial sun exposure is best for flowering and overall performance. Regular water also encourages regular flowering, though this vine can tolerate periods of drought. It will tolerant light frosts but will quickly die if exposed to below freezing temperatures. This heavy, shrubby vine requires the strong support of an arbor, fence or palm trunk. Pruning and training is also needed if you want it to neatly climb a structure.

Madagascar jasmine flowers are long-lasting and prized for leis and fragrant cutflowers of wedding arrangements. In temperate regions, it can be grown as a houseplant or conservatory specimen. Just be sure to offer it bright direct or filtered light.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    12 - 10

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    10 - 15

  • Sunset Zone

    H1, H2, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Vine/Liana

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun

  • Height

    12'-30' / 3.7m - 9.1m (15)

  • Bloom Time

    Indeterminate

  • Native To

    Southern Africa, Madagascar

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Loam, Sand

  • Growth Rate

    Slow

  • Water Requirements

    Drought Tolerant, Average Water

  • Habit

    Vining/Climbing

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    White, Ivory

  • Fruit Color

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Winter)

    Dark Green

  • Bark Color

    Sandy Brown

  • Fragrant Flowers

    Yes

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    Yes

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    Yes

  • Foliage Texture

    Coarse

  • Foliage Sheen

    Glossy

  • Evergreen

    Yes

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Bark Texture

    Smooth

  • Usage

    Cutflower, Feature Plant, Houseplant, Tropical, Vine

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Self-Sowing

    No