Advanced Search Filters

Plant Type
Hardiness Zone
Heat Zone
Sunset Zone
Function
Sun Exposure
Soil Moisture
Water Requirement

TAMARIX dioica

Image of Tamarix dioica

Family

Tamaricaceae

Botanical Name

TAMARIX dioica

Plant Common Name

Dioecious Tamarisk, Tamarisk

Special Notice

This entry has yet to be reviewed and approved by L2G editors.

General Description

In the deserts of the Southwest, the agricultural success of tamarisk trees has turned into an ecological tragedy. Well over a century ago, many species were imported from the Old World for shade and wind protection. This smaller, shrubby form proved to be particularly well adapted to dry washes where it naturalized extensively, feeding on moisture deep below these seasonal waterways.

It has been proven that a single tamarisk tree can consume up to three hundred gallons of ground water per day. They have been known to cause age old desert springs nearby to literally dry up, denying wildlife a vital water source. This species is not found in cultivated plantings but reproduces easily from seed. It has proven to be highly competitive with desert natives and may easily become the dominant vegetation type where conditions are right. Despite the drought resistance and problem solving ability of these plants, virtually no species of Tamarix should be planted in North America.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    12 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    10 - 13

  • Sunset Zone

    7, 8, 9, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Tree

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun

  • Height

    0'-15' / 0.0m - 4.6m

  • Width

    0'-15' / 0.0m - 4.6m

  • Bloom Time

    Summer, Late Summer, Early Fall

  • Native To

    Turkey, Iraq, Western Asia, India

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral, Alkaline

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Loam, Sand

  • Growth Rate

    Very Fast

  • Water Requirements

    Xeric/Desert, Drought Tolerant

  • Habit

    Upright/Erect

  • Seasonal Interest

    Summer

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Color

    Purple

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Green

  • Bark Color

    Orange

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    Yes

  • Foliage Texture

    Fine

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Bark Texture

    Smooth

  • Usage

    Screening / Wind Break

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    Yes

  • Self-Sowing

    Yes