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TAXODIUM ascendens

Image of Taxodium ascendens

Gerald L. Klingaman

Family

Cupressaceae

Botanical Name

TAXODIUM ascendens

Plant Common Name

Pond Cypress

General Description

Valued for its narrow conical habit, its showy fall color, and its adaptability, this deciduous conifer is native to the Southeast United States. Its short horizontal branches bear mossy erect branchlets clad in clasping soft bright green needles. The needles turn a rich golden yellow to orange-red in autumn before dropping to form a soft, natural mulch. The buttressed trunk has exfoliating bark that shreds in red-brown and gray strips, providing winter interest. Small round green cones cluster at the branch tips in summer, maturing to brown in fall.

Though found in moist locations in the wild, pond cypress is widely adaptable and suitable for urban sites. It does well in sun and almost any neutral or acidic soil. It works well as a lone specimen but is perhaps most striking in scattered groups. It makes a good street, parking lot, or lawn tree. The unusually narrow, columnar cultivar 'Fox Red' is particularly well-suited to parking lot or space-restricted landscapes.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    9 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    5 - 9

  • Sunset Zone

    2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Needled or Scaled Evergreen

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun

  • Height

    40'-75' / 12.2m - 22.9m

  • Width

    10'-20' / 3.0m - 6.1m

  • Native To

    Mid-Atlantic United States, Southeastern United States

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Average

  • Soil type

    Clay, Loam, Sand

  • Tolerances

    Wet Site, Drought, Soil Compaction

  • Growth Rate

    Slow

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Narrow Upright/Fastigiate

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    None

  • Fruit Color

    Green, Brown

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green, Light Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Orange, Gold, Orange Red

  • Bark Color

    Brown, Sandy Brown, Gray

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    Yes

  • Foliage Texture

    Fine

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Bark Texture

    Exfoliating

  • Usage

    Feature Plant, Screening / Wind Break, Street Trees

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Self-Sowing

    No