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TAXUS baccata 'Repandens'

Image of Taxus baccata 'Repandens'

Gerald L. Klingaman

Family

Taxaceae

Botanical Name

TAXUS baccata 'Repandens'

Plant Common Name

English Yew, Spreading English Yew

General Description

Cultivated in gardens for hundreds of years, English yew is a variable evergreen tree or large shrub with flat, supple, black-green needles. Its cultivar 'Repandens' has long been one of the evergreens most often used for covering ground in partial to heavy shade. The low spreading branches of this female selection eventually form a knee-high shrub several times broader than tall. Its toughness, adaptability, tolerance of shearing, and red fleshy fruits make it a popular choice as a ground cover or foundation plant. It is also somewhat more hardy than most other forms of English yew.

This shrub does best in moist, well-drained, acid to slightly alkaline soil. It fares poorly in extreme temperatures. Give it shelter from harsh sun and wind. Deer and self-sown seedlings can be a problem.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    7 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    6 - 7

  • Sunset Zone

    A3, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Needled or Scaled Evergreen

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun, Partial Shade, Full Shade

  • Height

    2'-3' / 0.6m - 0.9m

  • Width

    8'-12' / 2.4m - 3.7m

  • Native To

    Europe, Northern Africa, Western Asia

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral, Alkaline

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Loam, Sand

  • Tolerances

    Pollution

  • Growth Rate

    Slow

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Spreading

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    None

  • Fruit Color

    Red

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Dark Green

  • Bark Color

    Brown, Sandy Brown

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    Yes

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    No

  • Foliage Texture

    Fine

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    Yes

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Bark Texture

    Platy

  • Usage

    Foundation, Groundcover, Mixed Border

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    Sometimes

  • Attracts

    Birds

  • Self-Sowing

    Yes