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TILIA americana 'Redmond'

Image of Tilia americana 'Redmond'

Gerald L. Klingaman

Family

Tiliaceae

Botanical Name

TILIA americana 'Redmond'

Plant Common Name

American Basswood, American Linden, Redmond Linden

General Description

One of the queens of eastern North America's deciduous forests, basswood has large heart-like leaves, deliciously fragrant summertime flowers and a dense, majestic structure. A large deciduous tree with a straight trunk, 'Redmond' is cone-shaped when youthful but matures to a large, broad, pyramid-like specimen. The bark is gray and smooth at first, becoming gray-brown with distinctive long, furrowed ridges.

In early summer 'Redmond' bears modest but many clusters of small, yellowish, highly fragrant flowers. They are attractive to honeybees, which make a distinctively flavored honey from the nectar. The fuzzy, whitish yellow nutlets dangled downward with a papery bract (modified leaf) and are most prominent in late summer. Its leaves are large, heart-shaped, glossy dark green above and lighter green below. In autumn, the leaves become shades of yellow-green and yellow, sometimes to a showy effect.

Redmond linden tolerates acidic soils but excels in deep, moist but well-drained, humus-rich, neutral to sweet (alkaline) soils. Tolerant of moderate drought, it usually dulls or browns its leaves if water is severely lacking. It is suitable as a shade tree, large avenue tree, and for a naturalized shade tree. Do not place too closely to paved surfaces used for walkways or play areas as the fallen nutlets can be hazardous. The dense shade cast under the basswood also can cause many underplantings, including turfgrass, to die out. Remove basal suckers (twig sprouts) from the trunk to keep the tree looking tidy and clean.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    8 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    3 - 8

  • Sunset Zone

    1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17

  • Plant Type

    Tree

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun

  • Height

    40'-60' / 12.2m - 18.3m

  • Width

    25'-30' / 7.6m - 9.1m

  • Bloom Time

    Early Summer

  • Native To

    North America, Northeastern United States, Mid-Atlantic United States, Southeastern United States, North-Central United States, Central United States, South-Central United States, Texas, Canada

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral, Alkaline

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Clay, Loam

  • Tolerances

    Pollution, Drought

  • Growth Rate

    Medium

  • Water Requirements

    Drought Tolerant, Average Water

  • Habit

    Pyramidal

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Insignificant

  • Flower Color

    Light Yellow

  • Fruit Color

    Gray Green, Sandy Brown

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Yellow, Light Yellow, Yellow Green, Sandy Brown, Ivory

  • Bark Color

    Sandy Brown, Gray

  • Fragrant Flowers

    Yes

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    Yes

  • Foliage Texture

    Coarse

  • Foliage Sheen

    Glossy

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Bark Texture

    Fissured

  • Usage

    Feature Plant, Shade Trees, Street Trees

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Self-Sowing

    No