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TILIA mongolica

Image of Tilia mongolica

Jesse Saylor

Family

Tiliaceae

Botanical Name

TILIA mongolica

Plant Common Name

Mongolian Linden

Special Notice

This entry has yet to be reviewed and approved by L2G editors.

General Description

One of the smaller-growing lindens, the uniquely shaped foliage of the Mongolian linden looks more like ivy. This deciduous large rounded shrub to small tree is native to Mongolia, northern China and adjacent eastern Siberia. Its exfoliating corky gray bark lines the upright, seemingly steadfast branches and trunk.

The leaves of this species would lend you to believe it is not a linden whatsoever. Each blade emerges reddish and unfurls to become a glossy dark green leaf that is rounded with tipped lobes. Undersides are a light bluish green. Many comment how the foliage looks more like that of ivy (Hedera) or birch (Betula). In early summer, clusters of pendent, small, light yellow flowers hang from branches, attracting bees of all sorts. Blossoms are nicely fragrant. The small oval fruits (nutlets) follow thereafter. In autumn the tree can range in color from bright yellow to a dull gold. In winter the branch twigs tend to intensify their reddish tones.

Grow Mongolian linden in full to partial sun in a fertile and moist soil that has good drainage. Ideally the soil pH should be neutral to alkaline but this species has good tolerance of acidy soils, drought and summertime heat. Use it as a large shrub for an informal hedgerow or windbreak, or as a specimen shade tree in a park, golf course or campus setting. Its foliage seems to be less susceptible to attack by Japanese beetles.

A more widely known and available hybrid of the Mongolian linden with the littleleaf linden is the cultivar 'Harvest Gold' that displays consistent rich golden yellow fall foliage upon a perfectly oval canopy.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    7 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    3 - 7

  • Sunset Zone

    1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17

  • Plant Type

    Tree

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun

  • Height

    25'-45' / 7.6m - 13.7m (30)

  • Width

    20'-40' / 6.1m - 12.2m (25)

  • Bloom Time

    Early Summer

  • Native To

    Russia/Siberia, Central Asia, China

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral, Alkaline

  • Soil Drainage

    Average

  • Soil type

    Clay, Loam, Sand

  • Tolerances

    Pollution, Drought

  • Growth Rate

    Medium

  • Water Requirements

    Drought Tolerant, Average Water

  • Habit

    Oval/Rounded

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Insignificant

  • Flower Color

    Light Yellow

  • Fruit Color

    Olive, Tan

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Red, Green, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Dark Green

  • Fragrant Flowers

    Yes

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    Yes

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Glossy

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    Yes

Special Characteristics

  • Bark Texture

    Exfoliating

  • Usage

    Feature Plant, Hedges, Screening / Wind Break, Shade Trees, Street Trees

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Self-Sowing

    Yes