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TILIA x euchlora

Image of Tilia x euchlora

Jesse Saylor

Family

Tiliaceae

Botanical Name

TILIA x euchlora

Plant Common Name

Caucasian Lime, Crimean Linden

Special Notice

This entry has yet to be reviewed and approved by L2G editors.

General Description

Glossy dark green leaves that are heart-shaped with bristle-tooth edges are notable characteristic of the crimean linden, as is the sweet odor of its late spring flowers. A hybrid deciduous tree, it is the result of a mid-19th century cross of little-leaf linden (Tilia cordata) with the big-leaf linden (Tilia dasystyla). Its smooth, dark gray bark is stately and muscular and forms a pyramid-like tree that also is slightly rounded.

The dark glossy green leaves are shaped like a heart and collectively make a coarse-textured tree. In late spring or early summer, pendent branched clusters of fragrant, small pale yellow flowers appear and are visited by honeybees. The fruits that ensue are small and oval, olive-green to tan. In autumn the leaves turn modestly yellow-green but after a hard frost will become brown.

Grow crimean linden in full sun exposures in deep, soils that are moist but well-drained. Neutral or alkaline soils are ideal, but slightly acidic ground is tolerated. This hybrid has good tolerance of air pollution, salt and wind. Use this fast-growing tree for shade or to line a street. Watch for seedlings that sprout from the seeds; the fallen seeds can be a bit hazardous if they mass on a walkway. Suckering shoots from the trunk base should be pruned off on a regular basis. Cultivar 'Lindenhurst' is a single-trunked selection that attains a broader pyramidal shape.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    7 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    3 - 7

  • Sunset Zone

    1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17

  • Plant Type

    Tree

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun

  • Height

    40'-60' / 12.2m - 18.3m

  • Width

    20'-30' / 6.1m - 9.1m

  • Bloom Time

    Late Spring, Early Summer

  • Native To

    Hybrid Origin

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Neutral, Alkaline

  • Soil Drainage

    Average

  • Soil type

    Clay, Loam, Sand

  • Tolerances

    Pollution, Salt

  • Growth Rate

    Fast

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Pyramidal

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Insignificant

  • Flower Color

    Light Yellow, Ivory

  • Fruit Color

    Olive, Sandy Brown

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Yellow, Gold

  • Fragrant Flowers

    Yes

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    Yes

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Glossy

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Bark Texture

    Smooth

  • Usage

    Feature Plant, Shade Trees, Street Trees

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Self-Sowing

    Yes