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TILIA x flavescens

Image of Tilia x flavescens

Family

Tiliaceae

Botanical Name

TILIA x flavescens

Plant Common Name

Hybrid Linden, Linden

Special Notice

This entry has yet to be reviewed and approved by L2G editors.

General Description

Glossy dark green leaves that have a heart shape is a noticeable characteristic of the hybrid linden, as is the sweet odor of its late spring flowers. A hybrid deciduous tree, it is the result of the cross of American basswood (Tilia americana) with the little-leaf linden (Tilia cordata). Its smooth, dark gray bark is stately and muscular. The dark glossy green leaves are shaped like a heart and collectively make a coarse-textured tree. In late spring or early summer, pendent branched clusters of fragrant, small pale yellow flowers appear and are visited by honeybees. The fruits that ensue are small and oval, olive-green to tan. In autumn the leaves turn bright yellow but after a frost will become brown.

Grow hybrid linden in full sun exposures in deep, soils that are moist but well-drained. Neutral or alkaline soils are ideal, but slightly acidic ground is tolerated. It is best protected from moderate droughts or worse. Use this relatively quick growing tree for shade or to line a street. Watch for seedlings that sprout from the seeds; the fallen seeds can be a bit hazardous if they mass on a walkway. Cultivar 'Glenleven' is known for its fast growth and strong central lead trunk.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    8 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    2 - 7

  • Sunset Zone

    A2, A3, 1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17

  • Plant Type

    Tree

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun

  • Height

    40'-50' / 12.2m - 15.2m

  • Width

    30'-35' / 9.1m - 10.7m

  • Bloom Time

    Late Spring, Early Summer

  • Native To

    Hybrid Origin

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Neutral, Alkaline

  • Soil Drainage

    Average

  • Soil type

    Clay, Loam

  • Tolerances

    Drought

  • Growth Rate

    Fast

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Pyramidal

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Insignificant

  • Flower Color

    Light Yellow, Ivory

  • Fruit Color

    Olive, Tan

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Yellow, Brown

  • Bark Color

    Gray

  • Fragrant Flowers

    Yes

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    Yes

  • Foliage Texture

    Coarse

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    Yes

Special Characteristics

  • Bark Texture

    Smooth

  • Usage

    Feature Plant, Shade Trees, Street Trees

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Self-Sowing

    Yes