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TRIFOLIUM repens

Image of Trifolium repens

Jessie Keith

Family

Fabaceae

Botanical Name

TRIFOLIUM repens

Plant Common Name

White Clover

General Description

A familiar herbaceous perennial found in moist meadows in its native Eurasia and in lawns throughout the temperate zones, Dutch clover spreads rapidly by creeping, rooting stems to form large mats of three-parted foliage. It bears cranberry-sized heads of pink-tinged white flowers from spring to fall. Bees throng the fragrant blooms. A member of the legume family, it is valuable for adding nitrogen to the soil via symbiotic bacteria. Several cultivars are available including the purple-leaved form known variously as 'Atropurpureum', 'Purpurascens', or 'Purpureum'.

Plant this sun- and moisture-loving perennial where it has ample room to romp. It is excellent for mixing with turf grasses in lawns. The purple-leaved forms work well in containers and other places where their spread can be limited.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    8 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    3 - 9

  • Sunset Zone

    2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Perennial

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun

  • Height

    2"-4" / 5.1cm - 10.2cm

  • Width

    2'-6' / 0.6m - 1.8m

  • Bloom Time

    Spring, Late Spring, Early Summer, Summer, Late Summer, Early Fall, Fall

  • Native To

    Europe, Western Asia

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral, Alkaline

  • Soil Drainage

    Average

  • Soil type

    Clay, Loam, Sand

  • Growth Rate

    Very Fast

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Prostrate/Trailing

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    White, Light Pink

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Green

  • Fragrant Flowers

    Yes

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Repeat Bloomer

    Yes

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    No

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Container, Groundcover, Lawns and Turf, Wildflower

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    Sometimes

  • Self-Sowing

    Yes