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TSUGA caroliniana

Image of Tsuga caroliniana

JC Raulston Arboretum at NC State University

Family

Pinaceae

Botanical Name

TSUGA caroliniana

Plant Common Name

Carolina Hemlock

Special Notice

This entry has yet to be reviewed and approved by L2G editors.

General Description

Carolina hemlock is an evergreen, cone-bearing tree with lax, spreading branches and twigs and short,narrow flattened leaves that point in all directions, making the texture of the tree shaggy. It is very tolerant of shade, especially when young, making it a good choice to start new trees in the shade of old trees that will eventually need replacing. It is native to rocky hillsides in a small area of the Appalachians from North Carolina to Georgia, but has proven to be sturdy in other locales and conditions, including urban settings.

Carolina hemlock makes a good mid-sized specimen tree but it may also be planted as a windscreen, or trimmed as a hedge. It grows best in humus-rich, well-drained soil in full sun or partial shade.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    7 - 3

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    3 - 8

  • Sunset Zone

    2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 17

  • Plant Type

    Tree

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun, Partial Shade

  • Native To

    Southeastern United States

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Loam, Sand

  • Growth Rate

    Slow

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Oval/Rounded

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Insignificant

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Winter)

    Dark Green

  • Bark Color

    Sienna

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    No

  • Foliage Texture

    Fine

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    Yes

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Bark Texture

    Fissured

  • Usage

    Feature Plant, Hedges, Screening / Wind Break

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Self-Sowing

    No