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TULIPA 'Toronto'

Image of Tulipa 'Toronto'

Debbie Schilling

Family

Liliaceae

Botanical Name

TULIPA 'Toronto'

Plant Common Name

Bouquet Tulip, Greigii Tulip, Toronto Tulip

General Description

Bright and early-blooming, the Greigii tulip 'Toronto' bears multiple funnel-shaped blooms with deep orange-pink exteriors and tangerine-red, yellow-eyed interiors. Perched on 14-inch (35-cm) stems above purple-streaked, broadly lance-shaped leaves, the elegant blooms have six pointed "petals." Longer lived than many other hybrid tulips, 'Toronto' is nevertheless sometimes treated as an annual. This 1963 introduction received the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.

Tulip bulbs are a favorite food of small mammals including voles, and their succulent leaves and buds are favored by deer. Deep planting (at a depth of four to five times the bulbs' width) and underground barriers (such as buried hardware cloth) can discourage bulb predation. Interplanting with daffodils or other pest resistant bulbs may deter both below-ground and above-ground pest damage.

Despite these problems, tulips are generally easy to grow. They prefer full to partial sun and require average to fertile soil with good drainage. Leave the lower foliage of perennial tulips after they bloom, so they can collect and store energy for next spring’s display. Once the leaves start to yellow, cut plants to the ground. Hardiness is cultivar/species dependent, but most (including 'Toronto') require winter chill to bloom.

Tulips are unsurpassed for bringing spring color to containers or sunny gardens. Be sure to consider height and bloom time when designing with them as these vary greatly from cultivar to cultivar. It is also wise to plant extra for cutting as they make superb long-lasting cut flowers. This cultivar is good for winter forcing.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    8 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    3 - 8

  • Sunset Zone

    1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Bulb or Corm or Tuber

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun

  • Height

    12"-16" / 30.5cm - 40.6cm

  • Width

    4"-6" / 10.2cm - 15.2cm

  • Bloom Time

    Early Spring, Spring

  • Native To

    Hybrid Origin

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Loam, Sand

  • Growth Rate

    Medium

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Upright/Erect

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    Orange, Pink, Salmon, Orange Red

  • Fruit Color

    Green, Tan

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green, Purple

  • Fragrant Flowers

    Yes

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    Yes

  • Foliage Texture

    Coarse

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Bedding Plant, Container, Cutflower, Feature Plant, Mixed Border, Rock Garden / Wall

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Self-Sowing

    No