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TYPHA minima

Image of Typha minima

James H. Schutte

Family

Typhaceae

Botanical Name

TYPHA minima

Plant Common Name

Dwarf Cattail

General Description

Dwarf cattail is a hardy, clumping, aquatic perennial native to Eurasia. The smallest of cattails, it is more in scale with gardens and garden ponds than its giant relative, common cattail. It is valued for its upright narrow leaves, slender profile and flower spikes. The tiny flowers cluster densely in a narrow cylindrical spike atop a stem that appears in mid- and late summer. The male flowers, which are yellow hued, occupy the top of the spike and soon fall away leaving a naked portion of stem. The female flowers are green hued and turn a rich brown after pollination and persist into winter. The leaves turn yellow-brown in fall.

This small cattail grows readily in moist or wet soil or shallow standing water. It spreads by underground stems but more slowly than the large common cattail. The flowers spikes are valued for bouquets and flower arrangements, both dried and fresh.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    12 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    3 - 11

  • Sunset Zone

    3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Aquatics

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun

  • Height

    12"-24" / 30.5cm - 61.0cm

  • Width

    18"-24" / 45.7cm - 61.0cm

  • Bloom Time

    Summer, Late Summer, Early Fall

  • Native To

    Eastern Europe, Western Asia

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Poorly Drained

  • Soil type

    Clay, Loam, Sand

  • Tolerances

    Wet Site

  • Growth Rate

    Fast

  • Water Requirements

    Ample Water

  • Habit

    Upright/Erect

  • Seasonal Interest

    Summer, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    Yellow, Green, Brown, Chocolate

  • Fruit Color

    Tan, Ivory

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Green, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Winter)

    Brown

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    Yes

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Bog Garden, Container, Water Gardens

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Self-Sowing

    Yes