Helping You Become a More Successful Gardener
European Mountain Elm, Scotch Elm
A stately deciduous shade tree with a domed crown, Scotch elm is native to central and northern Europe, Asia Minor and Siberia. It is highly susceptible to Dutch elm disease and thus rarely cultivated in North America since the 1970s. The toothed, oval, medium to dark green leaves have rough upper and downy lower surfaces. In early spring inconspicuous reddish-green flowers cover the leafless branches, followed by clouds of fuzzy winged fruits. In autumn the leaves turn shades of yellow before falling to reveal the arching branches and grayish-brown bark of this architectural tree.
Grow Scotch elm in fertile, well-drained, acidic to mildly alkaline soil. Moist loams are ideal. Use it as an impressive estate, park, or street tree in regions where elm leaf beetles and Dutch elm disease are not threats. Cultivars include the weeping 'Camperdownii' and 'Hortizontalis'.
8 - 2
3 - 9
2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21
Full Sun, Partial Sun
70'-130' / 21.3m - 39.6m
50'-80' / 15.2m - 24.4m
Europe, United Kingdom, Russia/Siberia, Western Asia
Acidic, Neutral, Alkaline
Clay, Loam, Sand
Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter
Green, Dark Green
Yellow, Yellow Green
Feature Plant, Shade Trees, Street Trees
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