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ULMUS glabra

Image of Ulmus glabra

Jesse Saylor

Family

Ulmaceae

Botanical Name

ULMUS glabra

Plant Common Name

European Mountain Elm, Scotch Elm

General Description

A stately deciduous shade tree with a domed crown, Scotch elm is native to central and northern Europe, Asia Minor and Siberia. It is highly susceptible to Dutch elm disease and thus rarely cultivated in North America since the 1970s. The toothed, oval, medium to dark green leaves have rough upper and downy lower surfaces. In early spring inconspicuous reddish-green flowers cover the leafless branches, followed by clouds of fuzzy winged fruits. In autumn the leaves turn shades of yellow before falling to reveal the arching branches and grayish-brown bark of this architectural tree.

Grow Scotch elm in fertile, well-drained, acidic to mildly alkaline soil. Moist loams are ideal. Use it as an impressive estate, park, or street tree in regions where elm leaf beetles and Dutch elm disease are not threats. Cultivars include the weeping 'Camperdownii' and 'Hortizontalis'.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    8 - 2

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    3 - 9

  • Sunset Zone

    2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21

  • Plant Type

    Tree

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun

  • Height

    70'-130' / 21.3m - 39.6m

  • Width

    50'-80' / 15.2m - 24.4m

  • Bloom Time

    Early Spring

  • Native To

    Europe, United Kingdom, Russia/Siberia, Western Asia

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral, Alkaline

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Clay, Loam, Sand

  • Growth Rate

    Medium

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Oval/Rounded

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Insignificant

  • Flower Color

    Red, Green

  • Fruit Color

    Green, Tan

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Yellow, Yellow Green

  • Bark Color

    Brown, Gray

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    No

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Bark Texture

    Fissured

  • Usage

    Feature Plant, Shade Trees, Street Trees

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Attracts

    Birds

  • Self-Sowing

    Yes