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VACCINIUM crassifolium

Image of Vaccinium crassifolium

Family

Ericaceae

Botanical Name

VACCINIUM crassifolium

Plant Common Name

Creeping Blueberry

General Description

An excellent groundcover for sandy acidic soils, this blueberry relative is a low mat-forming evergreen shrub from the southeastern United States. It steadily expands to provide a reliably dense and attractive carpet of small shiny dark-green leaves. Some forms such as 'Wells Delight' have bronze new foliage. The small, red, urn shaped flowers appear in late spring. These give rise to a scattering small, sweet, black-blue fruits. Several cultivars have been selected for vigor and for foliage size and color.

Give this creeping evergreen full to partial sun and acidic well-drained soil. It makes an excellent groundcover in sunny garden areas or along woodland edges.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    7 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    2 - 7

  • Plant Type

    Broadleaf Evergreen

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun, Partial Shade

  • Height

    4"-18" / 10.2cm - 45.7cm

  • Width

    1'-3' / 0.3m - 0.9m

  • Bloom Time

    Spring, Late Spring

  • Native To

    Mid-Atlantic United States, Southeastern United States

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Sand

  • Growth Rate

    Medium

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Mat-forming

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    Red

  • Fruit Color

    Dark Blue, Black

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Red, Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Red, Green

  • Foliage Color (Winter)

    Green

  • Bark Color

    Gray

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    Yes

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    Yes

  • Showy Foliage

    No

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Glossy

  • Evergreen

    Yes

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Container, Edging, Edible, Groundcover, Rock Garden / Wall

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Attracts

    Birds

  • Self-Sowing

    No