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VERBENA bonariensis

Image of Verbena bonariensis

James H. Schutte

Family

Verbenaceae

Botanical Name

VERBENA bonariensis

Plant Common Name

Purpletop Verbena, Tall Verbena

General Description

This short-lived perennial can really take the heat and blooms effortlessly all summer. A native of South America, tall verbena puts forth tall, airy stems topper with clusters of violet-purple blooms from early summer into fall. These are very attractive to butterflies and bees, and the removal of older flower stems will encourage continued flowering.

Full sun and well drained, average soil will make this carefree plant happy. One caveat to planting tall verbena is its tendency to readily seed itself, so care must be taken to remove flowerheads before their seeds mature. Enjoy this pretty summer flower in butterfly gardens and sunny summer borders.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    12 - 7

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    7 - 11

  • Sunset Zone

    8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Perennial

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun

  • Height

    3'-6' / 0.9m - 1.8m

  • Width

    1'-3' / 0.3m - 0.9m

  • Bloom Time

    Early Summer, Summer, Late Summer, Early Fall, Fall

  • Native To

    South America, Brazil

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral, Alkaline

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Clay, Loam, Sand

  • Growth Rate

    Fast

  • Water Requirements

    Drought Tolerant, Average Water

  • Habit

    Upright/Erect

  • Seasonal Interest

    Summer, Fall

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    Purple

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green, Gray Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green, Gray Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Green, Gray Green

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    Yes

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    No

  • Foliage Texture

    Fine

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Bedding Plant, Cutflower, Mixed Border, Tropical

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    Sometimes

  • Attracts

    Butterflies

  • Self-Sowing

    Yes