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VERBENA

Image of Verbena

James Burghardt

Family

Verbenaceae

Botanical Name

VERBENA

Plant Common Name

Verbena

General Description

The genus Verbena comprises over 250 species of herbaceous annuals, perennials and subshrubs that can be found across the Americas and some parts of Europe and Asia. Species are diverse in their appearance, habits, habitats and cultural needs, but all have clusters of small, tubular flowers in shades of blue, white, red or purple. Flower clusters may be spike-like, flattened or conical and are attractive to butterflies. Leaves may be dissected and ferny or entire, depending on the species.

There are thousands of cultivated varieties; many of which are grown as annual bedding plants. These have flowers that come in a wide range of colors to include violet, purple, red, pink, salmon, white and apricot. Some more commonly grown species for the garden include the mounding and floriferous Verbena canadensis , tall, airy V. bonariensis and the upright V. rigida . All have purple to violet flowers.

Most cultivated vervains grow best in full sun and average, amply drained soil. They are warm season plants that often have long bloom times and perform best if regularly deadheaded.

Characteristics

  • Native To

    North America, Central America, South America, Southern Europe, Asia

Growing Conditions

  • Soil Drainage

    Average

  • Growth Rate

    Fast

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    White, Red, Purple, Pink, Rose, Salmon, Coral, Lavender, Blue Violet

  • Fruit Color

    Tan, Brown

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Green, Dark Green

  • Fragrant Flowers

    Yes

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    Yes

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Bedding Plant, Container, Edging, Hanging Basket, Mixed Border, Rock Garden / Wall

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Attracts

    Butterflies

  • Self-Sowing

    Yes