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VIBURNUM acerifolium

Image of Viburnum acerifolium

Jesse Saylor

Family

Caprifoliaceae

Botanical Name

VIBURNUM acerifolium

Plant Common Name

Maple-leaved Viburnum, Mapleleaf Arrowwood

General Description

Named for its maple-like foliage that turns sunset tones in autumn, this small deciduous shade-loving shrub makes a great choice for woodland gardens in its native eastern North America.

Suckering to form loose thickets, the fuzzy brown stems are rather sparsely furnished with three-lobed, dark green leaves that resemble maple foliage. In late spring, flat-topped clusters of yellowish white flowers appear, attracting insects for pollination. The small red berries that ensue ripen to red in summer and black in fall. The lovely fall foliage colors include shades of purple-burgundy, rose, and orange.

Grow this viburnum in well-drained soil in light to full shade. Acidic soils are ideal, but it tolerates many soil types, and also some drought once established. Prune away root suckers to prevent thicketing. Lanky stems can be pruned immediately after flowering to force denser growth. Use mapleleaf viburnum singly or in masses in mixed borders or naturalistic plantings. It excels at providing bright fall color where dry shade prevails, such as under large trees.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    8 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    3 - 8

  • Plant Type

    Shrub

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun, Partial Shade

  • Height

    3'-6' / 0.9m - 1.8m

  • Width

    4'-9' / 1.2m - 2.7m

  • Bloom Time

    Late Spring

  • Native To

    Northeastern United States, Mid-Atlantic United States, Southeastern United States, North-Central United States, Texas, Canada

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral, Alkaline

  • Soil Drainage

    Average

  • Soil type

    Clay, Loam, Sand

  • Tolerances

    Drought

  • Growth Rate

    Medium

  • Water Requirements

    Drought Tolerant, Average Water

  • Habit

    Thicket/Colonizing

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Fall

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    White, Ivory

  • Fruit Color

    Red, Black

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Red, Purple, Orange, Orange Red

  • Bark Color

    Brown, Sandy Brown

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    Yes

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    No

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Bark Texture

    Smooth

  • Usage

    Mixed Border, Screening / Wind Break, Wildflower

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Attracts

    Birds

  • Self-Sowing

    No