Advanced Search Filters

Plant Type
Hardiness Zone
Heat Zone
Sunset Zone
Function
Sun Exposure
Soil Moisture
Water Requirement

VIBURNUM prunifolium

Image of Viburnum prunifolium

Gerald L. Klingaman

Family

Caprifoliaceae

Botanical Name

VIBURNUM prunifolium

Plant Common Name

Blackhaw

General Description

Grown for its attractive flowers, handsome trouble-free foliage and showy fall color, this deciduous multi-stemmed shrub or small tree is native to the central and eastern United States. Some landscape selections have been made, but blackhaw tends to be more highly favored for planting in natural areas or more naturalistic wildlife gardens. Wild specimens inhabit drier, upland sites that are moderately open.

Dark green, oval, toothed leaves that resemble cherry foliage are borne on stubby, somewhat spine-like branchlets that are paired along spreading branches. The leaves turn wine-red or dazzling scarlet in fall. Flat-topped clusters of small white blossoms appear at the branch tips in mid-spring. Small, oval, edible berries follow the flowers, ripening from green to wine to blue-black and attracting hungry birds. This relatively slow-growing large shrub or small tree has dark gray bark that becomes deeply fissured and scaly on older stems.

Blackhaw succeeds in full to partial sun and most soils with good drainage. It is particularly lovely when grown as a small tree underplanted with perennials and low-growing shrubs. The selection 'Early Red' has red-tinged new leaves and deep red fall color, while 'Ovazam' (Ovation™) is exceptionally hardy and has a narrow, upright habit.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    9 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    3 - 9

  • Plant Type

    Shrub

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun, Partial Shade

  • Height

    10'-20' / 3.0m - 6.1m

  • Width

    10'-20' / 3.0m - 6.1m

  • Bloom Time

    Spring

  • Native To

    Northeastern United States, Mid-Atlantic United States, Southeastern United States, Central United States, Texas

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral, Alkaline

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Clay, Loam, Sand

  • Growth Rate

    Medium

  • Water Requirements

    Drought Tolerant, Average Water

  • Habit

    Oval/Rounded

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    White, Ivory

  • Fruit Color

    Dark Blue

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Red, Burgundy, Dark Red, Bronze

  • Bark Color

    Sandy Brown, Gray

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    Yes

  • Edible Fruit

    Yes

  • Showy Foliage

    No

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Glossy

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Bark Texture

    Platy

  • Usage

    Foundation, Mixed Border, Screening / Wind Break

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Attracts

    Birds, Butterflies

  • Self-Sowing

    Yes