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VIOLA 'Helen Mount'

Image of Viola 'Helen Mount'

Mark A. Miller

Family

Violaceae

Botanical Name

VIOLA 'Helen Mount'

Plant Common Name

Helen Mount Viola, Tricolor Violet

General Description

A relatively large-flowered version of the beloved Johnny jump-up, this Viola tricolor hybrid is a small short-lived herbaceous perennial sometimes used as an annual. Each tri-colored bloom has two erect purple petals, two horizontal yellow and white petals, and one broad down-pointing yellow petal. Purple streaks radiate from the flower's center. The edible flowers are singly borne on short stems above clumps of semi-evergreen oval leaves. Plants bloom year-round as long as weather is mild.

Give this hardy perennial fertile well-drained soil in full sun to light shade. Plant seedlings or seed in early spring or early fall. It does not bloom or grow well in hot conditions. In regions with harsh winters, give plants an airy winter mulch such as pine boughs. Use 'Helen Mount' as a winter annual in areas with mild winters and hot summers. Viola tricolor and its hybrids make wonderful plants for lawns, perennial borders, herb gardens, containers, and entryway plantings. They often self-sow liberally.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    12 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    3 - 9

  • Sunset Zone

    A1, A2, A3, H1, H2, 1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Perennial

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun, Partial Shade

  • Height

    3"-5" / 7.6cm - 12.7cm

  • Width

    3"-5" / 7.6cm - 12.7cm

  • Bloom Time

    Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter, Indeterminate

  • Native To

    Hybrid Origin

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral, Alkaline

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Loam, Sand

  • Growth Rate

    Fast

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Rosette/Stemless

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    White, Yellow, Purple, Lavender

  • Flower Color Modifier

    Multi-Color

  • Fruit Color

    Green, Tan

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Winter)

    Green

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    Yes

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    No

  • Foliage Texture

    Fine

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    Semi-Evergreen

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Container, Cutflower, Edible, Herb / Vegetable, Lawns and Turf, Mixed Border, Rock Garden / Wall, Wildflower

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    Sometimes

  • Self-Sowing

    Yes