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VIOLA tricolor

Image of Viola tricolor

Felder Rushing

Family

Violaceae

Botanical Name

VIOLA tricolor

Plant Common Name

Johnny Jump Up, Tricolor Pansy

General Description

Sweet, delightful Johnny-jump-ups are annuals or short-lived perennials native to Europe and Asia, but naturalized in many areas. The low-growing, creeping, self-seeding plants have oval to lance-shaped leaves with toothed or scalloped margins and heart-shaped bases. The self-fertile, “face” flowers are small, multi-colored with dark upper petals and variously colored and usually striped lower petals. Flowers in colors of purple, lavender, yellow and white appear spring to fall. There are many cultivars available including those with dark, almost black flowers and yellow selections. Viola tricolor is one of the parents of the modern garden pansy.

Johnny-jump-ups prefer, cool, moist well-drained soil and sunny to partly shady locations. They are easy to start from seed and spread to form loose clumps. Johnny-jump-ups may pop up all over the garden, but not in large numbers – they are easy to pull up for control. Deadhead this plant to prolong blooming, but leave a few seed pods at the end of the season for re-seeding. Use Johnny-jump-ups in containers, garden boarders and beds.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    12 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    3 - 8

  • Sunset Zone

    A1, A2, A3, H1, H2, 1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Perennial

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun, Partial Shade

  • Height

    3"-5" / 7.6cm - 12.7cm

  • Width

    4"-12" / 10.2cm - 30.5cm

  • Bloom Time

    Spring, Late Spring, Early Summer, Summer, Late Summer, Early Fall, Fall

  • Native To

    Europe, Asia

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Clay, Loam, Sand

  • Growth Rate

    Fast

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Clump-Forming

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    White, Yellow, Blue, Purple, Lavender

  • Flower Color Modifier

    Bicolor, Multi-Color, Striped

  • Fruit Color

    Green, Bronze

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Winter)

    Green

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    Yes

  • Showy Fruit

    No

  • Edible Fruit

    No

  • Showy Foliage

    No

  • Foliage Texture

    Medium

  • Foliage Sheen

    Matte

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Bedding Plant, Container, Edible, Groundcover, Mixed Border, Rock Garden / Wall, Wildflower

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Self-Sowing

    Yes