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VIOLA x wittrockiana 'Blue Ice'

Image of Viola x wittrockiana 'Blue Ice'

James H. Schutte

Family

Violaceae

Botanical Name

VIOLA x wittrockiana 'Blue Ice'

Plant Common Name

Blue Ice Pansy, Pansy

Special Notice

This entry has yet to be reviewed and approved by L2G editors.

General Description

Pansies are one of the most beloved of all garden flowers. Their beautiful, expressive flowers offer some of the most interesting diverse color combinations. Though typically grown as annuals, these are actually short-lived, cool season perennials. Viola x wittrockiana is a hybrid made up of a complex mix of species including Viola tricolor, V. lutea, V. altaica, and V. cornuta, among others.

The compact plants have semi-evergreen leaves of medium green with a rounded shape and scalloped edges. Blooming commonly occurs from fall to spring, or whenever the weather is not too cold or hot. Its distinctive flowers are large, flat-faced and have five rounded petals. They come in shades of white, violet-blue, lavender, purple, orange, yellow, pink, red, or near black. Most are bi-colored or multi-colored and subtly fragrant. They are pollinated by bees and occasionally butterflies. Green, bulbous seed capsules follow. As they age, they burst open to expel lots of small, brown seeds.

Overall, pansies prefer sites with full to partial sun and moist, fertile, well-drained soil with a slightly acid to neutral pH. Plants bloom continuously in regions where the growing season is generally cool but will refrain from blooming as the weather heats up. Slugs favor the foliage and are particularly problematic when conditions are cool and wet. Pruning them when they get leggy will help extend their life and bloom. Otherwise, these are carefree garden plants.

Pansies are best used in container plantings and garden edges. Their broad suite of colors offers limitless design possibilities. As a bonus, the petals make a colorful addition to green salads and can be candied to decorate desserts.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    9 - 1

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    7 - 11

  • Sunset Zone

    A1, A2, A3, H1, H2, 1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Tender Perennial

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun

  • Height

    6"-9" / 15.2cm - 22.9cm

  • Width

    9"-12" / 22.9cm - 30.5cm

  • Bloom Time

    Early Spring, Spring, Late Spring, Early Summer, Summer, Late Summer, Early Fall, Fall, Late Fall, Early Winter, Winter, Late Winter

  • Native To

    Hybrid Origin

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Clay, Loam

  • Growth Rate

    Very Slow

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Clump-Forming

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Showy

  • Flower Color

    White, Yellow, Red, Blue, Green, Purple, Orange, Light Yellow, Lemon Yellow, Yellow Green, Gold, Pink, Light Pink, Hot Pink, Magenta, Fuchsia, Rose, Salmon, Coral, Peach, Burgundy, Crimson, Dark Red, Light Blue, Sky Blue, Turquoise, Indigo, Dark Blue, Light Green, Chartreuse, Lime Green, Sea Green, Olive, Gray Green, Dark Green, Lavender, Violet, Blue Violet, Plum, Orange Red, Dark Salmon, Copper, Bronze, Tan, Brown, Sandy Brown, Sienna, Chocolate, Ivory, Black, Gray

  • Flower Color Modifier

    Bicolor, Multi-Color

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    White, Yellow, Red, Blue, Green, Purple, Orange, Light Green, Chartreuse, Lime Green, Sea Green, Blue Green, Olive, Gray Green, Dark Green, Light Yellow, Lemon Yellow, Yellow Green, Gold, Tan, Brown, Sandy Brown, Sienna, Chocolate, Pink, Rose, Burgundy, Crimson, Dark Red, Slate Gray, Steel Blue, Copper, Bronze, Plum, Violet, Orange Red, Silver, Black, Gray

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    White, Yellow, Red, Blue, Green, Purple, Orange, Light Green, Chartreuse, Lime Green, Sea Green, Blue Green, Olive, Gray Green, Dark Green, Light Yellow, Lemon Yellow, Yellow Green, Gold, Tan, Brown, Sandy Brown, Sienna, Chocolate, Pink, Rose, Burgundy, Crimson, Dark Red, Slate Gray, Steel Blue, Copper, Bronze, Plum, Violet, Orange Red, Silver, Black, Gray

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    White, Yellow, Red, Blue, Green, Purple, Orange, Light Green, Chartreuse, Lime Green, Sea Green, Blue Green, Olive, Gray Green, Dark Green, Light Yellow, Lemon Yellow, Yellow Green, Gold, Tan, Brown, Sandy Brown, Sienna, Chocolate, Pink, Rose, Burgundy, Crimson, Dark Red, Slate Gray, Steel Blue, Copper, Bronze, Plum, Violet, Orange Red, Silver, Black , Gray

  • Foliage Color (Winter)

    White, Yellow, Red, Blue, Green, Purple, Orange, Light Green, Chartreuse, Lime Green, Sea Green, Blue Green, Olive, Gray Green, Dark Green, Light Yellow, Lemon Yellow, Yellow Green, Gold, Tan, Brown, Sandy Brown, Sienna, Chocolate, Pink, Rose, Burgundy, Crimson, Dark Red, Slate Gray, Steel Blue, Copper, Bronze, Plum, Violet, Orange Red, Silver, Black, Gray

  • Fragrant Flowers

    Yes

  • Fragrant Fruit

    Yes

  • Fragrant Foliage

    Yes

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    Yes

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single, Semi-Double

  • Repeat Bloomer

    Yes

  • Showy Fruit

    Yes

  • Edible Fruit

    Yes

  • Showy Foliage

    Yes

  • Foliage Texture

    Fine

  • Foliage Sheen

    Glossy

  • Evergreen

    Yes

  • Showy Bark

    Yes

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Dried Flower / Everlasting, Alpine, Bedding Plant, Bog Garden, Container, Cutflower, Edging, Edible, Feature Plant, Foundation, Fruit / Fruit Tree, Groundcover, Hanging Basket, Hedges, Herb / Vegetable, Houseplant, Lawns and Turf, Mixed Border, Rock Garden / Wall, Screening / Wind Break, Shade Trees, Street Trees, Topiary / Bonsai / Espalier, Tropical, Vine, Water Gardens

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    Yes

  • Invasive

    Yes

  • Attracts

    Birds, Hummingbirds, Butterflies

  • Self-Sowing

    Yes