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VITIS labrusca

Image of Vitis labrusca

Gerald L. Klingaman

Family

Vitaceae

Botanical Name

VITIS labrusca

Plant Common Name

Fox Grape

General Description

Best known for its delicious fruit, fox grape is a hardy, deciduous, woody vine native to eastern North America. It is primarily grown for its edible grapes but also has attractive lobed leaves of rich green that turn burnished shades of orange and gold in fall. In early to midsummer it produces inconspicuous fragrant flowers followed by clusters of grapes that ripen in mid-autumn. These may be red, green or dark purple to black and are suitable for eating, juicing, jellies, and wine. There are many fox grape cultivars to include the ever popular purple-fruited ‘Concord’.

Vigorous and tough, fox grape requires less summer heat than European grape varieties and can tolerate much colder temperatures. It needs full sun for best fruiting and prefers fertile soil that is amply drained. This vine grows fast enough to cover an arch, arbor or walkway in one season. Plants must be pruned each year to maximize fruit production.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    9 - 2

  • USDA Hardiness Zone

    3 - 9

  • Sunset Zone

    1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Fruit

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun, Partial Sun

  • Height

    10'-25' / 3.0m - 7.6m

  • Bloom Time

    Late Spring, Early Summer, Summer

  • Native To

    Northeastern United States, Mid-Atlantic United States, Southeastern United States, North-Central United States, Central United States, South-Central United States, Canada

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Acidic, Neutral, Alkaline

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Clay, Loam, Sand

  • Growth Rate

    Fast

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Vining/Climbing

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Insignificant

  • Flower Color

    White

  • Fruit Color

    Red, Green, Purple, Light Yellow, Black

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Orange, Gold, Bronze

  • Bark Color

    Brown, Chocolate

  • Fragrant Flowers

    Yes

  • Fragrant Fruit

    Yes

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Flower Petal Number

    Single

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    Yes

  • Edible Fruit

    Yes

  • Showy Foliage

    Yes

  • Foliage Texture

    Coarse

  • Foliage Sheen

    Glossy

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Bark Texture

    Exfoliating

  • Usage

    Edible, Fruit / Fruit Tree, Vine

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Self-Sowing

    Yes