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ZEA mays 'Casino'

Image of Zea mays var. rugosa 'Casino'

Family

Poaceae

Botanical Name

ZEA mays var. rugosa 'Casino'

Plant Common Name

Casino Sweet Corn, Sweet Corn

General Description

This sugar-enhanced (SE) corn variety produces large, early-ripening ears of sweet yellow kernels. The relatively compact, 4- to 5-foot (120 to 150 cm) stalks grow from seed to harvest in about 70 days. Ripe ears on the stalks hold well for up to a week without losing much flavor or kernel tenderness.

Corn is a warm-season annual garden vegetable. The tall grassy plants germinate and grow rapidly in warm soil and summery weather. They develop tall stalks with long, broad, arching green blades. Corn plants bear male, pollen-producing flowers in terminal tassels, and female, kernel-forming flowers in axillary "ears." Pollination occurs when airborne pollen lands on the silky threadlike stigmas of the ears. Isolate plantings of sweet corn varieties from those of "hard" corns (such as popcorn and ornamental corn) to prevent the different types from cross-pollinating.

Grow corn in full hot sun and fertile, nutrient-rich, well-drained soil. It grows best with regular watering. Plant several rows of 'Casino' for optimal pollination and a good harvest. The ears are ready to harvest when the silks have browned and the kernels are plump with milky-white juice.

It is essential to pick corn at its prime and store it properly. Ears are ripe when their kernels are full, plump and properly colored, and emit milky juice when pierced. Freeze or can surplus kernels to enjoy other times of year.

Like all sweet corn hybrids, ‘Casino’ produces seeds that do not come true (if planted, the seeds produce plants different in many ways from the parent), so start with fresh seeds from a seed company annually.

A number of diseases and pests plague corn. Corn earworms are common as are nighttime raids from raccoons. The grotesque fungal disease called corn smut is another problem to watch for.

Characteristics

  • AHS Heat Zone

    12 - 4

  • Sunset Zone

    A1, A2, A3, H1, H2, 1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

  • Plant Type

    Vegetable

  • Sun Exposure

    Full Sun

  • Height

    4'-5' / 1.2m - 1.5m

  • Width

    18"-28" / 45.7cm - 71.1cm

  • Bloom Time

    Indeterminate

  • Native To

    Hybrid Origin, North America, Central America, South America

Growing Conditions

  • Soil pH

    Neutral

  • Soil Drainage

    Well Drained

  • Soil type

    Loam

  • Growth Rate

    Very Fast

  • Water Requirements

    Average Water

  • Habit

    Upright/Erect

  • Seasonal Interest

    Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Ornamental Features

  • Flower Interest

    Insignificant

  • Fruit Color

    Yellow

  • Foliage Color (Spring)

    Green, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Summer)

    Green, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Fall)

    Green, Dark Green

  • Foliage Color (Winter)

    Green, Dark Green

  • Fragrant Flowers

    No

  • Fragrant Fruit

    No

  • Fragrant Foliage

    No

  • Bark or Stem Fragrant

    No

  • Repeat Bloomer

    No

  • Showy Fruit

    Yes

  • Edible Fruit

    Yes

  • Showy Foliage

    Yes

  • Foliage Texture

    Coarse

  • Foliage Sheen

    Glossy

  • Evergreen

    No

  • Showy Bark

    No

Special Characteristics

  • Usage

    Edible, Herb / Vegetable

  • Sharp or Has Thorns

    No

  • Invasive

    No

  • Self-Sowing

    No